There are numerous symptoms associated with "HIV Infection" and "AIDS" but some of the information about them seems arbitrary or contradictory.
The quotes are classified as:
AIDS and Tuberculosis (TB)
The prevalence of HIV-1 infection among children with clinical and culture-confirmed TB in Africa varies from 13% to 70% almost 50% of children in our clinic had been treated for TB disease
van Kooten Niekerk NK et al. The First 5 Years of the Family Clinic for HIV at Tygerberg Hospital: Family Demographics, Survival of Children and Early Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy. J Trop Pediatr. 2005 Jun 9
[In Eastern Europe, Russia and the easternmost former Russian republics up to 2001] tuberculosis appears as the first illness indicative of AIDS in 1,673 (53% of cases [with this information reported. There were a total of 3,633 AIDS cases reported]).
Hamers FF, Downs AM. HIV in central and eastern Europe. Lancet. 2003 Mar 22;361:1035-44.
The results of some studies show closely similar recurrence rates [of TB] in individuals positive and negative for HIV-1. However, the results of other studies show a higher rate of recurrence in HIV-1 positive patients than in HIV-1-negative patients, especially when regimens containing thioacetazone are used, and in patients with low levels of immunity
Sonnenberg P et al. HIV-1 and recurrence, relapse, and reinfection of tuberculosis after cure: a cohort study in South African mineworkers. Lancet. 2001 Nov;358(17):1687-93.
Active TB was found at autopsy in 38 of 75 (50.7%) of the HIV-1-positive cadavers...[and]...Bacterial pneumonia was found in 22 (29.3%) of the HIV-1-positive cadavers. An interstitial bronchopneumonia was found in 13 (17.3%) cases.
Rana FS et al. Autopsy study of HIV-1-positive and HIV-1-negative adult medical patients in Nairobi, Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 May 1;24:23-29.
[Dr. Martin Okot-Nwang of Mulago Hospital, Uganda] A patient who has TB who is HIV-positive would appear exactly the same as a patient who has TB and is HIV-negative. Clinically, both patients will present with long fever, marked loss of weight, both patients would present with prolonged cough and in both cases the cough could equally be productive [with phlegm]. Now, therefore clinically I cannot differentiate the two I think if they include pulmonary TB as AIDS defining then almost all the TBs in Africa will be AIDS.
Shenton J. AIDS and Africa. BBC Dispatches. 1993
The HIV-positive [Tuberculosis] patients had less radiologic evidence of disease and significantly fewer zones of lung affected with cavities. The response to treatment was similar, but with HIV-positive paatients more likely to become culture negative by 28 days. The differences that exist between HIV-positive and HIT-negative patients are minor, and standard regimens are at least as effective in HIV-positive patients in the first month of treatment
Brindle RJ et al. Quantitative bacillary response to treatment in HIV-associated pulmonary tuberculosis. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Apr;147(4):958-61.
Intravenous drug abusers appear to be at special risk of acquiring tuberculosis, and a high rate of infection in this group was reported well before AIDS began.
Goldman KP. AIDS and tuberculosis. BMJ. 1987;295:511-2.
Courtesy Alberta Reappraising AIDS Society, December 7, 2012.
© Copyright December 7, 2012 by Rethinking AIDS.