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Symptoms of HIV and AIDS

There are numerous symptoms associated with "HIV Infection" and "AIDS" but some of the information about them seems arbitrary or contradictory.

The quotes are classified as:

AIDS in Children

AIDS in children is diagnosed and defined differently than in adults.

“The most common symptoms and diagnoses for HIV-infected children in Africa include failure to thrive, malnutrition, gastrointestinal disorders, and acute and chronic respiratory symptoms. Injections of antibiotics to treat respiratory illness and childhood fevers are common in Africa, as is administration of intravenous saline for rehydration of patients with diarrhoea. In addition, many febrile children are treated for suspected malaria with drugs delivered through intravenous catheters.”
Gisselquist D, Potterat JJ, Brody S. HIV transmission during paediatric health care in sub-Saharan Africa--risks and evidence. S Afr Med J. 2004 Feb;94(2):109-16.
“the risk of spontaneous abortion was between 2.8 and 6 times the risk in women who were not infected with HIV [ignoring the fact that many were exposed to AZT or other antiretroviral drugs, that are known to cross the placenta and be toxic in many ways]…There is evidence of an increased risk of perinatal and infant mortality in women who are HIV infected. This increase appears to be most marked for infant mortality [approx. 3.69 higher]
Brocklehurst P, French R. The association between maternal HIV infection and perinatal outcome: a systematic review of literature and meta-analysis. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Aug;105(8):836-48.
“Compared with all other AIDS patients…children were three times more likely to have cytomegalovirus disease”
Parekh BS et al. Dynamics of maternal IgG antibody decay and HIV-specific antibody synthesis in infants born to seropositive mothers. The NYC Perinatal HIV Transmission Study Group. AIDS Res Hum Retro. 1993 Sep;9(9):907-12.
“16 [HIV-positive] children aged 5 to 12 years born to HIV-1-infected mothers, were diagnosed between 1984 and 1987 in Kigali, Rwanda. They were compared with a group of age- and sex-matched HIV-1-sero-negative children consecutively selected from the outpatient department. 2 subjects were asymptomatic. Chronic cough was the most frequent symptom (7/16). The most common signs were short stature (12/16), low weight for age (7/16), chronic parotitis [mumps] (8/16), persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (7/16) and pulmonary tuberculosis (4/16)”
Lepage P et al. Clinical and endocrinologic manifestations in perinatally human immunodeficiency virus type 1--Infected children aged 5 years or older. AJDC. 1991 Nov;145(11):1248-51.
“The initial clinical feature in [HIV-]infected children was usually a combination of persistent lymphadenopathy [swollen glands], splenomegaly [enlarged spleen], and hepatomegaly [enlarged liver]
European Collaborative Study. Children born to women with HIV-1 infection: natural history and risk of transmission. Lancet. 1991 Feb 2;337(8736):253-60.

Courtesy Alberta Reappraising AIDS Society, December 7, 2012.

© Copyright December 7, 2012 by Rethinking AIDS.